HomeCryptoUnforeseen Outcomes of FIT21's Legislation on the Crypto Market Structure

Unforeseen Outcomes of FIT21’s Legislation on the Crypto Market Structure


Analysis of the Flaws in the Financial Innovation and Technology for the 21st Century Act (FIT21)

The bipartisan passage of the Financial Innovation and Technology for the 21st Century Act (FIT21) by the House has been hailed as a significant milestone for the U.S. crypto industry, providing much-needed regulatory clarity. However, a closer look reveals that the bill may have some fundamental flaws that could have far-reaching unintended consequences if not addressed in future Senate negotiations.

One of the key issues with FIT21 is its creation of a bifurcated market for crypto tokens, distinguishing between “restricted digital assets” and “digital commodities” in parallel trading markets. This fragmented approach is ill-suited for the global and fungible nature of crypto tokens, introducing compliance complications and potentially disrupting market liquidity and innovation.

The bill’s attempt to codify the SEC’s guidance on decentralization and regulatory oversight over spot crypto markets between the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and SEC raises concerns about market fragmentation and the impact on the overall utility of crypto tokens. The proposed distinctions between restricted and unrestricted assets could lead to confusion, technological modifications, and regulatory arbitrage, ultimately undermining the competitiveness of the U.S. crypto industry.

Furthermore, the bill’s market structure could inadvertently harm U.S. consumers by creating unbalanced market dynamics, increased volatility, and opportunities for arbitrageurs to exploit pricing discrepancies. This could result in retail investors being at a disadvantage compared to professional traders, further complicating the market environment.

While FIT21 is a step in the right direction for regulating crypto tokens, there is a need for lawmakers to refine the bill to unify spot markets for fungible tokens in a coherent regulatory framework. By addressing the concerns raised by industry experts, policymakers can ensure the protection of customers and the well-functioning of U.S. digital asset markets in the long run.


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